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    According to the book of Branimir Špoljarić “Old Zagreb – from corner to corner” old locals have strictly prescribed norms of behavior “Golden Bull of Zagreb from 1242nd states: If one citizen offends another citizen, criticizies or curses or insultes him, has to pay 10 Penza. Who is punished by three times his entire property will be confiscated in favor of the municipality, and everybody could call him as unfair man”.


    :roll: Shorts about Zagreb:

    1st of October 1862nd – first train from Zagreb to Trieste, Ljubljana, Maribor, Graz and Vienna
    1885th – first cycling organization called “First Croatian society cyclists”
    8th of October 1890th – opened to traffic Zagreb funicular, the oldest public transport
    5th of September 1891st – on the streets of Zagreb appears the first horse-drawn tram
    1896th – with a total of 38 vehicles and 53 horse trams were transported 1,075,244 passengers
    In 1900. – Zagreb has 57,000 inhabitants


    :roll:  Heureka Zagreb

    – a cravat – http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cravat
    – a pen, Slavoljub Penkala
    – a hot water bottle, the “Termofor”, Slavoljub Penkala
    – a rail-car brake, Slavoljub Penkala
    – an anode battery, Slavoljub Penkala


    :roll:  Invention of Double Entry Bookkeeping

    Benedikt Kotruljevic (Benedetto Cotrugli Raguseo) of the Republic of Dubrovnik wrote in 1458, “The Book on the Art of Trading” in which, among other things, he presented the the principles and methods of double entry bookkeeping as a necessary attribute of trade activity.  Benedikt Kotruljevic, born in Dubrovnik, Croatia 1416; Died  Aquila 1469. was a merchant by profession, a humanist by education, a scientist by vocation and a diplomat by invitation (in the service of Aragon kings). He travelled all over the Mediterranean, of keen observing and lucid conclusions, who polished his conclusions in the discussions with humanists of the Court of Naples in which he lived for some fifteen years. In his book, Kotruljevic was writing “On Orderly Keeping the Business Records. The authors analyze that chapter on the basis of newly found manuscripts of his “Book on the Art of Trade” finding there considerably more extensively and in detail an elaborated system of double entry bookkeeping, than presented in the contents of the book printed in 1573. Kotruljevic set forth theoretical postulations and rules for keeping business records according to the double entry principle to be valid also nowadays. He applied then the procedures giving suggestions for the organization of business records keeping by a merchant.


    :roll:  Invented the Parachute

    Faust Vrancic, born in Sibenik in 1551, died in Venice 1617, was a typical Renaissance “homo universalis”. A notable scholar whose interest comprised mathematics, physics, phylosophy and technology, he spent some time at the court of the German emperor Rudolf II who was also the sovereign to the Croatians, Hungarians, and Czechs. His major work was “Machine Novae” (New Machines), printed in Venice at the beginning of the 18 century, with the pictorial (49 etchings) and textual descriptions of 56 different technical constructions. He had anticipated the numerous technical inventions which were to be applied later to water or wind powered machines, to mills, ships, boats and excavators. His most interesting invention was, certainly, a parachute or “Homo volans” (The Flying Man) as called by Vrancic himself. Faust Vrancic performed a jump with his parachute somewhere in Venice in order to test it. This fact is explicitely stated in a book written by English bishop John Willkins (1614-1672), secretary of the Royal Society in London, only 30 years after the jump. The title of his book which contains this important testimony about Faust Vrancic is Mathematical Magic of the Wonders that may be Performed by Mechanical Geometry, part I: Concerning Mechanical Powers Motion, part II, Deadloss or Mechanical Motions, published in London in 1648.


    :roll:  Invented Forensic Medicine and Criminal Pathology

    Eduard Miloslavic(1884-1952) was a descendant of Dubrovnik emmigrants to the USA, born in Oakland, California. His family returned to Dubrovnik in 1889. Eduard studied medicine in Vienna, where he became a professor of pathology. In 1920 an invitation came from Marquette University in Wisconsin, USA, to take the chair of the full professor of pathology, bacteriology and forensic medicine. In subsequent years “Doc Milo”, as colleagues called him, inaugurated criminal pathology in the USA. As an outstanding specialist he was also involved in investigations of crimes perpetrated by al Capone gang. He was one of the founders of the International Academy for Forensic Medicine, member of many American and European scientific societies and academies. He was active in the Croatian Fraternal Union and also vice president of the CFU in the USA. In 1932 he moved to Zagreb, where he was a full professor at the Faculty of medicine.  He was lecturing also pastoral medicine at the Faculty of Theology in Zagreb, and was known as ardent adversary of abortion and euthanasia. In 1940 he was elected member of the prestigeous “Medico-Legal Society” in London in 1941 and promoted the full member of the Tzarist Leopoldine Carolingue Academy of Natural Sciences in Germany, and doctor “honoris causa” at the University of Vienna, where he started his scientific career. He  again moved to the USA (St. Louis, Missouri), where he was working until his death.


    :roll:  Invented Crab Chioppino

    In February 1929, Sunset Magazine adopted the editorial policy that still guides it: a magazine of Western living for people who live in the West. Over the years, the recipes that have appeared in its pages have become a history of Western tastes. Such factors as climate, geography, and ethnic mixtures have shaped its regional life style. Informality and a willingness to experiment are a large part of everyday experiences in the West. They first presented San Francisco’s famous Cioppino in 1941, crediting its invention to San Francisco fishermen from the Dalmatian Coast (Croatia) Dungeness crab is the star of this robust shellfish stew; clams and shrimp add their flavors, too. It’s traditional to sop up the thick tomato and garlic sauce with lots of extra-sour sourdough bread.




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